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Sex & Relationship Guidance

Relationship and Sex Education

RSE in Catholic Schools

 

RSE is part of the mission of Catholic schools to educate the whole person. It should be carried out as part of the holistic education which seeks to form as well as inform young people in preparation for adult life.

RSE in our school

 

In order for Catholic RSE to be fully effective at the Convent of Jesus and Mary Catholic Infant School & Nursery we;

  • Are faithful to the Church's vision of human wholeness whilst recognising the contemporary context in which we live today;
  • Involve parents as they are primary educators of their child;
  • Provide a positive view of human sexuality and dignity of the human person;
  • Encourage our pupils to make good sensible choices in particular circumstances;
  • Explore and promote virtues which are essential to promoting respect and dignity;
  • Ensure the curriculum is delivered in an age appropriate way which reflects the development of the child;
  • Integrate RSE within our cross-curricular work;
  • Are sensitive to the needs of each individual pupil and we recognise and celebrate the diversity of our school community;
  • Ensure our staff are fully trained and understand the Church's teaching.

The DfE

  • The RSE guidance was last updated in 2000, the new draft guidance is published on the DfE website and will become compulsory in all schools across the country from September 2020. The new guidance will put in place the building blocks needed for positive and safe relationships of all kinds.
  • The new RSE resources will be ready and available from September 2019, building on the existing best practice that will be shared by schools.
  • By making health education compulsory the DfE will ensure pupils are taught about the benefits of a healthier lifestyle, what determines their physical health and how to build mental resilience and wellbeing. It will also make sure pupils learn how to recognise when they and others are struggling with mental health and how to respond.

 

 

THE CURRICULUM

Introduction

Teaching love and sexual relationships in a Catholic school must be rooted in the Catholic Church’s teaching about what it is to be truly human in Christ, what it means to live well in relationship with others and be presented within a positive framework of Christian virtue. For this reason, we encourage Catholic schools to speak about Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) rather than Sex and Relationship Education (SRE), since this emphasises the importance of healthy relationships to human well-being, as the core learning within an RSE curriculum.

 

Progressive & Developmental

The curriculum reflects each stage of the development of the child. It should be a process which is planned from beginning to end with one phase of education informing the work of the next so that pupils can be led to a deeper and fuller understanding according to their maturity.

Differentiated

The RSE curriculum is sensitive to the different needs of individual pupils and is taught in a way that allows access to those pupils at different stages of cognitive and emotional development. Learning and teaching methods are adapted and resources are developed for those with particular needs, including SEND pupils.

 

Cross-curricular

As a Catholic school we are committed to the education of the whole person, therefore RSE is reflected in each relevant part of the curriculum. Whilst, for example, some aspects of RSE will be more appropriately explored in science or PSHE lessons others are more appropriately explored in RE lessons, each should be informed by the other. Each subject should speak with consistency about the meaning of human love and the virtues that are enshrined in the Church’s teaching on human love.

 

Integrated

This programme aims to ensure that parents are fully involved in the planning and evaluation of the teaching of RSE. Ideally, pupils should hear a consistent message about the meaning and value of human relationships and sexuality at home, in the parish and at school. This can only be achieved if the home, parish and school work to integrate the teaching of RSE.

 

Balanced

Whilst promoting Catholic virtues, our school endevours to ensure all pupils are offered a broad and balanced RSE programme which provides them with clear factual, scientific information that is relevant and meets the statutory requirements placed on schools.

 

The structure of our RSE curriculum

This model curriculum covers EYFS and KS1 and is based on three core themes within which there will be broad overlap. It is adaptable to the age and ability of the pupils. The three themes are:

  • Created and loved by God (this explores the individual)

The Christian imperative to love self, made in the image and likeness of God, shows an understanding of the importance of valuing and understanding oneself as the basis for personal relationships.

  • Created to love others (this explores an individual’s relationships with others)

God is love. We are created out of love and for love. The command to love is the basis of all Christian morality.

  • Created to live in community – local, national & global (this explores the individual’s relationships with the wider world)

Human beings are relational by nature and live in the wider community. Through our exchange with others, our mutual service and through dialogue, we attempt to proclaim and extend the Kingdom of God for the good of individuals and the good of society.

 

Each theme covers the core strands of ‘Education in Virtue’ and ‘Religious Understanding’ as well as strands which cover the PSHE content of the theme.

 

Christian virtue and RSE

Each theme begins with a statement of the virtues which are necessary to living well in relationship with others and these virtues should underpin the teaching but also should emerge as a consequence of it. These virtues are modeled to pupils and become part of their everyday routines. They express the Learning Beaviours that we seek to develop in our pupils. These virtues reflect our Christian tradition as well as fundamental human virtues which are universally shared.

 

Theme 1: Created and Loved by God

Education in

virtue

In a Catholic school, pupils are growing to be:

1.1.1.1. Respectful of their own bodies and character

1.1.1.2. Appreciative for blessings

1.1.1.3. Grateful to others and to God

           Patient when they do not always get what they want

Religious

Understanding

of the human

person: loving

myself

Pupils should be taught:

1.1.2.1. We are made by God and are special

1.1.2.2. We are all God's children

1.1.2.3. Ways of expressing gratitude to God

           About the sacrament of Baptism

Me, my body and

my health

Pupils should be taught:

Me

1.1.3.1. We are all unique individuals

1.1.3.2. We all have individual gifts, talents and abilities

My body

1.1.3.1. The names of the external parts of the body

1.1.3.2. The similarities and differences between girls and boys

My Health

1.1.3.3. How to maintain personal hygiene

What constitutes a healthy life-style, including physical activity, dental health and healthy eating.

 

Emotional well-

being and attitudes

Pupils should be taught:

Emotional well-being

1.1.4.1. That we all have different likes and dislikes

1.1.4.2. A language to describe feelings

Attitudes

1.1.4.3. A basic understanding that feelings and actions are two                    different things

1.1.4.4. Simple strategies for managing feelings and behaviour

           That choices have consequences

Life cycles and

fertility

Pupils should be taught:

Life cycles

1.1.5.1. That there are life stages from birth to death

 

 

Theme 2: Created to Love Others

Education in

virtue

In a Catholic school, pupils are growing to be:

1.2.1.1. Friendly, able to make and keep friends

1.2.1.2. Caring, attentive to the needs of others and generous in their                      responses

1.2.1.3. Respectful of others, their uniqueness, their wants and their needs

1.2.1.4. Forgiving, able to say sorry and not hold grudges against those who            have hurt them

1.2.1.5. Courteous, learning to say, “please” and “thank you.”

           Honest, able to tell the difference between truth and lies

Religious

Understanding

of human

relationships:

loving others

Pupils should be taught:

1.2.2.1. We are part of God’s family

1.2.2.2. That saying sorry is important and can help mend broken friendships

1.2.2.3. Jesus cared for others

           That we should love other people in the same way Jesus loves us

Personal

Relationships

Pupils should be taught:

1.2.3.1. The characteristics of positive and negative relationships

1.2.3.2. To identify special people (e.g. family, carers, friends) and what   

           makes them special.

1.2.3.3. There are different family structures and these should be respected

1.2.3.4. How their behaviour affects other people and that there are        

           appropriate and inappropriate behaviours

1.2.3.5. To recognise when people are being unkind to them and others and              how to respond.

           Different types of teasing and bullying which are wrong and  

           unacceptable.

Keeping safe and people who can help me

Pupils should be taught:

Keeping safe

1.2.4.1. To recognise safe and unsafe situations and ways of keeping safe,                including simple rules for keeping safe online

1.2.4.2. To use simple rules for resisting pressure when they feel unsafe or              uncomfortable

1.2.4.3. The difference between good and bad secrets

1.2.4.4. Identifying and correctly name their “private parts” (see NSPCC                  resource PANTS) for the purposes of safeguarding them from sexual            exploitation.

People who can help me

1.2.4.5. Who to go to if they are worried or need help

           That there are a number of different people and organisations they

            can go to for help in different situations.

 

 

Theme 3: Created to Live in Community

          (Local, National & Global)

Education in virtue

In a Catholic school, pupils are growing to be:

1.3.1.1. Just and fair in their treatment of other people, locally, nationally              and globally

1.3.1.2. People who serve others, locally, nationally and globally

           Active in their commitment to bring about change

Religious understanding of the importance of human communities

Pupils should be taught:

1.3.2.1. That God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit

1.3.2.2. Some scripture illustrating the importance of living in community

           Jesus’ teaching on who is my neighbour

 

Living in the wider

world

Pupils should be taught:

1.3.3.1. That they belong to various communities such as home, school,                parish, the wider local community and the global community

1.3.3.2. That their behavior has an impact on the communities to which                they belong

1.3.3.3. That people and other living things have needs and that they have            responsibilities to meet them;

1.3.3.4. About what harms and improves the world in which they live

           How diseases are spread and can be controlled and the       

           responsibilities they have for their own health and that of others              e.g. washing hands

 

 

 

 

 


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